Saturday, 31 January 2015

Ripon Cathedral: an Ancient Crypt and a Mile of Sanctuary.


Ripon Cathedral: an Ancient Crypt and a Mile of Sanctuary.


Ripon's Cathedral has many interesting features, which include an ancient, and very atmospheric, Anglo-Saxon crypt, where you can walk in the footsteps of people involved in the early 7th century Church...

In 657 an Anglo-Saxon monastery was built at Ripon (which, at the time was known as Inhrypum) by Alfrith.

In 665 St Wilfrid, a controversial figure, was consecrated Bishop of Northumbria. After a trip to Rome, and witnessing the magnificent buildings there, he brought craftsmen from France and Italy to rebuild the timber church of the monastery at Ripon in stone, and adorn it in some of the finest craftsmanship of the age. It was dedicated to St Peter in 672. A contemporary account by Eddius Stephanus tells us:

"In Ripon, Saint Wilfrid built and completed from the foundations to the roof a church of dressed stone, supported by various columns and side-aisles to a great height and many windows, arched vaults and a winding cloister."

Unfortunately its actual appearance is now left largely to our imaginations, as this early stone Church was destroyed by King Eadred during a campaign against Eric Bloodaxe (Erik Haraldsson) in 948.

All that remains is the crypt:


Entrance to crypt, Ripon Cathedral
Entrance to crypt, Ripon Cathedral
7th c. Crypt Ripon Cathedral, North Yorkshire
7th c. Crypt, Ripon Cathedral

This ancient survivor of Wilfred's Church, which is now under the current main Cathedral building, is arguably the oldest church building surviving in England to have remained in continuous use. You can still visit this fascinating part of the Cathedral.

Around 1180, Archbishop Roger de Pont l'Eveque's began a Norman Church on the site, being modified and completed by Archbishop Walter de Grey in 1260.

The Church became a Cathedral in 1836.


Ripon Cathedral, North Yorkshire
Ripon Cathedral, North Yorkshire


Ripon Cathedral, North Yorkshire
Ripon Cathedral, North Yorkshire
Ripon Cathedral, North Yorkshire
Ripon Cathedral, North Yorkshire

Ripon Cathedral, North Yorkshire
Ripon Cathedral, North Yorkshire


The Cathedral is very beautiful, and well worth a visit, not least for the experience of entering the atmospheric and ancient crypt.


Ripon Sanctuary


Modern Sanctuary Way Marker, Ripon, North Yorkshire
Modern Sanctuary Way Marker, Ripon, North Yorkshire

Modern Sanctuary Way Marker, Ripon, North Yorkshire
Modern Sanctuary Way Marker, Ripon, North Yorkshire

In 937 King Athelstan granted the right of Sanctuary as part of the Liberty of St Wilfred. This meant that, in a circumference of one mile of the monastery Church, anyone could gain Sanctuary overnight, and the responsibility for law and order passed to the ecclesiastical body, administered by the Gryth Priest. This area was marked by eight Sanctuary Crosses, only one of which remains, at Sharow village. Jurisdiction took place the following day at the Sanctuary Peace Stool, which was within the Church. The right of Sanctuary within this area continued until the reformation.


Sharrow Cross, Sanctuary Marker, Sharrow, Ripon
Sharrow Cross, Sanctuary Marker, Sharrow, Ripon

In 2005 there was a Sanctuary Way Walk created by the Rotary Club of Ripon and the Rotary Club of Ripon Rowels, which includes replica Sanctuary Markers. It is a distance of ten miles, all around, but can be walked in smaller sections. See below for a link to the walk leaflet.

Sharrow Cross, Sanctuary Marker, Sharrow, Ripon
Sharrow Cross, Sanctuary Marker, Sharrow, Ripon


Ripon is a really interesting place to visit, with many other things to see, including an historic market place, and the Yorkshire Law and Order Museums housed in an original workhouse, police station and courthouse.

Thanks for reading!

Toni

Justbod Team

Visit our main site:

www.justbod.co.uk

Artwork, carvings & sculptures
~ inspired by history & nature ~

www.justbod.co.uk


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Sources and further information: 

The Sanctuary Way Walk: PDF of Leaflet
Discover Ripon: History of The Cathedral
Ripon Cathedral: History
Wikipedia: Ripon Cathedral
Ripon: Museums



Tuesday, 27 January 2015

The Plague Stones of York

Danse macabre by Michael Wolgemut 1493

Pestilence and plague have stalked this island many times throughout history, always with frightening and devastating results, sometimes leaving completely empty communities in their wake. In many towns and villages, there are still reminders of those dark days,
 in the shape of plague stones.

In many locations around the country, during times of plague, hollowed stone boulders, stone basins, or sometimes the reused base of crosses with hollow depressions carved into them, were set up on boundaries where different communities, such as town and country dwellers, could trade for food and other goods, without fear of contagion. The shallow depressions were filled with vinegar, and city residents would place money in the hollows, to safely pay outsiders for goods, hopefully stopping the spread of the deadly disease.

The Burton Stone, York
The Burton Stone, York

The best known plague stone in York is The Burton Stone. The stone itself has several hollows and is believed to be the base of one of the boundary crosses that marked the jurisdiction of the City. This one used to stand outside the Chapel of Mary Magdalene, where travellers had previously paid for prayers and protection before travelling out of the City and through the dangerous Forest of Galtres, with its wolves and thieves.

The Burton Stone Pub
Burton Stone Lane, York

The Burton Stone was named after the local Burton family, and the lane named after the stone. It resides at the side of the Burton Stone Pub at the junction of Burton Stone Lane with the A19 into York, and now has its own plaque. It was originally one of four stones, one at each entrance to the City of York. Two others at Fulford and Heworth have long ago disappeared.

York has suffered many plagues in its history, the Black Death in 1349 possibly killing half of its occupants, a chronicler from St Mary's Abbey recording that 'there were hardly enough living to care for the sick and bury the dead.' Plague and pestilence continued to periodically visit York and, in 1604, there was a particularly bad outbreak when 3,500 of the estimated population of 10,000, died. 

Paul Fürst engraving of a plague doctor of Marseilles 1721
Paul Fürst engraving of a plague doctor of Marseilles 1721

The plague stones, sometimes called vinegar stones, played an important part in sustaining the population through these dark times.

Hob Moor plague stone, York
Hob Moor plague stone, York

On Hob Moor, between Acomb, Holgate and Dringhouses, one of the still-existing ancient commons of York, there is another plague stone. The poor who were known to have contracted the disease were isolated from the rest of the population here, and housed in temporary wooden huts on the moor. The Hob Moor plague stone played the same role in allowing these people to still trade for food and other goods. There were also similar temporary camps located near to St Lawrence's Church on Hull Road and at the Horsefair on Gillygate, where the coach park is now.

The Hob Stone, Little Hob Moor, York
The Hob Stone, Little Hob Moor, York

Next to the Hob Moor plague stone stands the Hob Stone, beside the path on Little Hob Moor. The Hob Stone is actually a badly eroded effigy of a Knight of the de Ros family, thought to have been sculted in 1315. It is still possible to make out the shape and pattern of the shield, but little else. 

Hob Stone and Plague Stone plaque, Little Hob Moor, York

In front of the two stones of Hob Moor is a plaque, giving details, and saying that the Hob Stone was placed there in 1717. It also bears the inscription that can no longer be read on the stone: "This image long Hob's name has bore 'Who was a Knight in time of yore and gave this Common to ye Poor."

Hob Moor has a really interesting history and is well worth visiting, as is The Burton Stone, if you're ever in the area.

Thanks for reading!

Anne

Justbod Team



Artwork, carvings and sculptures by bod
~ inspired by history and nature ~

www.justbod.co.uk

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Sources and further information: 

Headline Image: 'Danse macabre' by Michael Wolgemut 1493
Friends of Hob Moor: The History of Hob Moor
Visit York: Graveyard, Coffin and Plague Tour  (PDF file)




 

Thursday, 1 January 2015

Some of our Favourite Quotes

Mayburgh Henge, Cumbria
"The two most important days in your life are the day you are born,
and the day you find out why."
- Mark Twain.

Quotes can be very powerful, encapsulating the essence of a feeling, helping to motivate, uplift, inspire, reassure or move us. 
Here's a compilation of Some of our Favourite Quotes. These are quotes we particularly love, chosen from all those that we have posted throughout these last few years, along with the photographs that we took and were posted to illustrate them. 

We hope you enjoy, and are inspired by them, as much as we are...


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A Different Person Then

Sunset Low Etherley Co Durham
 
" I could tell you my adventures 
- beginning from this morning,"
said Alice a little timidly;
"but it's no use going back to yesterday,
because I was a different person then."

- Lewis Carroll



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Listen

Listen to the wind, it talks

'Listen to the wind,
it talks.
Listen to the silence,
it speaks.
Listen to your heart,

it knows.'


Native American Proverb



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Round the corner...

"...round the corner there may wait,  a new road or a secret gate..."

"...round the corner there may wait, 
a new road or a secret gate..."

J.R.R. Tolkien


 
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There comes a longing

There comes....a longing never to travel again   except on foot

"There comes....a longing never to travel again
 except on foot."

Wendell Berry


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Flowers in stony places

Flowers in stony places

"I have seen flowers come in stony places
And kind things done by men with ugly faces,
And the gold cup won by the worst horse at the races,
So I trust too."

John Masefield


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And forget not

"And forget not that the earth delights to feel your bare feet  and the winds long to play with your hair."

"And forget not that the earth delights
 to feel your bare feet
and the winds long
 to play with your hair."

Kahlil Gibran

 

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In Life....

River Swale, Upper Swaledale, Yorkshire

"In life, as in art, the beautiful moves in curves"

Edward G. Bulwer-Lytton

 

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There is a crack

There is a crack, a crack in everything.  That's how the light gets in

"There is a crack, a crack in everything.
That's how the light gets in."

Leonard Cohen

 

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 Not Knowing

Not knowing when the dawn will come, I open every door

"Not knowing when the dawn will come,
I open every door."

Emily Dickinson 


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You were once...

"You were once wild here.  Don't let them tame you."

"You were once wild here.
Don't let them tame you."

Isadora Duncan 



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There is always more mystery.

The possession of knowledge does not kill the sense of wonder and mystery. There is always more mystery.

"The possession of knowledge does not kill 
the sense of wonder and mystery. 
There is always more mystery."

Anais Nin


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  Whispers of Old Trees 


"Lets take our hearts for a walk in the woods 
and listen to the magic whispers of old trees."
 
Author unknown


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Every day is a journey 

Every day is a journey, and the journey itself is home

"Every day is a journey, 
and the journey itself is home." 

Matsuo Basho 

 
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All that is Gold 

All that is gold does not glitter, not all those who wander are lost

"All that is gold does not glitter,
Not all those who wander are lost;
The old that is strong does not wither,
Deep roots are not reached by the frost."
 J.R.R. Tolkien

 
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The First Fall of Snow  

The first fall of snow is not only an event, it is a magical event

"The first fall of snow is not only an event,
it is a magical event.
You go to bed in one kind of world
and wake up in another quite different,
and if this is not enchantment 
 then where is it to be found?"
J B Priestley


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That it kisses them so gently

Snow scene Low Etherley Co Durham

"I wonder if the snow loves the trees and fields, that it kisses them so gently? And then it covers them up snug, you know, with a white quilt; and perhaps it says "Go to sleep, darlings, till the summer comes again."
Lewis Carroll


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Last year's words

Snow Cleared Road

"For last year's words belong to last year's language,
And next year's words await another voice."

T.S.Eliot


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If you have a favourite quote that we haven't included here (there are so many great ones!) please do get in touch with us to share it!


Thanks for reading!

Anne
Justbod Team



Artwork, carvings and sculptures
~ inspired by history and nature ~





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  Our Top Ten Trees of the Year

 

A wee bit About Us: our stories & bod's creative work

   
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